Chemical composition of the essential oil from Scutellaria orientalis L. subsp. virens (Boiss. & Kotschy) J. R. Edm., grown in Iran: Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry Data

  • Zahra Gharari Department of Plant Production and Genetics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran.
  • Khadijeh Bagheri Department of Plant Production and Genetics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran.
  • Ali Sharafi School of Pharmacy, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.
Keywords: GC/MS, Monoterpene, Scutellaria, trans-anethole

Abstract

Scutellaria orientalis L. subsp. virens (Boiss. & Kotschy) J. R. Edm. which is a perennial species of Scutellaria genus and Lamiaceae family is widely used as one of the most popular traditional Iranian herbal remedies against various diseases. This study was aimed to identify the essential oil components of S. orientalis L. subsp. virens (Kotcshy & Boiss.) J. R. Edm. by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS) following hydro-distillation using a Clevenger-type apparatus. Essential oil analysis revealed 61 components including: monoterpenes (51.9%), sesquiterpenes (8.8%), hydrocarbons (20.4%), ketones (0.8%), aldehydes (0.8%), oxygenated diterpene (1.6%), acetate (1.3%) and isoprenoid (1.4%). The main constituents were oxygenated monoterpenes (51.6%), with trans-anethole (48.7%) as the major one. In conclusion, the results revealed the presence of biologically active compounds that can be used for a variety of herbal formulations.

Published
2021-05-17
Section
Biochemistry and Biotechnology