Antiviral Activity of Sukomycin Against Potato Virus Y And Tomato Mosaic Virus

  • Nikolay Manchev Petrov Institute of soil science, agrotechnologies and plant protection “Nikola Pushkarov”, Department of Plant Protection, 35 Panayot Volov Str., 2230 Kostinbrod, Bulgaria.
  • Sava Tishkov Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, Faculty of Biology, Department of General and Industrial Microbiology, 1164, 8 Dragan Tsankov blvd., Sofia, Bulgaria.
  • Atanaska Teneva University of forestry, Faculty of Agronomy, Department of plant protection, 10 Kliment Ohridsky blv., 1797, Sofia, Bulgaria.
  • Ivona Dimitrova University of forestry, Faculty of Agronomy, Department of plant protection, 10 Kliment Ohridsky blv., 1797, Sofia, Bulgaria.
  • Milena Bojilova University of forestry, Faculty of Agronomy, Department of plant protection, 10 Kliment Ohridsky blv., 1797, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Abstract

Potato virus Y (PVY) and Tomato mosaic virus (ToMV) are one of the most important plant viruses that strongly influence the quality and quantity of vegetable production and cause substantial losses to farmers. The most convetional and common method of pest and disease control is trough the use of pesticides. Unfortunately, most of them are synthetic compounds without antiviral activities and possess inherent toxicities that endanger the health of the farm operators, consumers and the environment. In order to carry out a control of viral infections in plants and to reduce the loss of production it is necessary the search for alternative and environmentally friendly methods for control. Sukomycin is a complex of substances with antimicrobial and antiviral activities produced from Streptomyces hygroscopicus isolated from soil. This natural complex reduces significantly symptoms and DAS-ELISA values of Potato virus Y and Tomato mosaic virus in tobacco plants.

Published
2016-12-31
Section
Cellular and Molecular Biology